Plant-based diet protects against heart weakness

Worldwide, 26 million people suffer about heart failure

Heart failure is a widespread disease, under the approximately 26 million people suffering worldwide. Congestive heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to supply the major organs of the body with enough blood and oxygen. Experts predict that heart failure will gain more and more importance, and levels of these already as „global Pandemie“ a.

New research from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, have now shown that a diet which is very focused on fruit, vegetables and fish, the heart failure risk by 41 percent. The results of the published study, the research team led by Dr. Kyla Lara is currently in the journal of the American College of Cardiology.

In contrast to the plant-rich diet a diet rich in fat, fried foods, meat, and sugar-containing beverages can increase the risk of heart failure significantly!

Connection between diets and heart disease

Dr. Kyla Lara, a cardiologist at the Mayo Clinic and your Team have the relationships between the five main diets and the risk of heart failure in people without known heart disease were examined. The researchers analyzed in their study, the dietary habits of about 16,000 people, who were on average 45 years old.

The effect of diets on heart failure

The subjects answered a 150-point survey, with 107 of the foods listed. The scientists clustered all forms of food in five food:

  • „Convenience“ Diets consisting of meat-heavy dishes, Pasta, Pizza, and Fast Food.
  • „Pflanzliche“ Diets consisting mainly of vegetables, fruit, beans and fish.
  • „Südliche“ Diets that put a considerable amount of fried foods, meat, eggs, fats and sugar-containing beverages.
  • „Salad/Alkohol“ Diets that contain a lot of leafy vegetables and salad dressing, but also wine, spirits and beer.
  • “Vegan“ diets composed exclusively of plant foods.

Dr. Lara and her Team accompanied the Participants, on average, 8.7 years in length. In this period, 363 people spent for the first time, a stay in the hospital because of heart failure.

Vegetable diets reduce the risk for congestive heart failure

Overall, the research team found that adherence to the southern diet increased the risk of hospitalization due to heart failure by 72 percent. This could go back to the fact that this diet the congestive heart failure risk increased by obesity and belly fat, explain the researchers.

The Team also noted that the risk for hospitalization with heart failure by 41 percent lower in people who followed the plant-based diet. In addition, the researchers found no statistically significant correlations between heart failure risk and the three other dietary habits.

Eating habits observed only at the beginning of the study

The researchers led by Dr. Kyla Lara also say that the study assessed participants might be your food intake incorrectly, which could have distorted the results.
In addition, the research team investigated the diet of the Participants only at the beginning of the study. These eating habits have changed, possibly during the entire study period. Nevertheless, the results support a plant-based diet strategy to reduce the risk of heart failure, says Dr. Kyla Lara. (fm)